Books & Articles :

Language, Memory & the Narrative:

1. Bachelard, Gaston. Poetics of Space: The classic look at how we experience intimate Places. (Boston: Beacon Press, 1969) First publication by Presses Universitaires de France, 1958.
Bachelard takes a look at how spaces such as houses, drawers, shells, etc… occupy meaning in the memories and impressions of an experience we hold. He gives us a surprising new understanding of how spaces we inhabit and contain us can create “a pure form of language” ….poetry

2. Barthes, Roland. The Grain of Voice: Interviews 1962-1980. (New York: Hill & Wang, 1985.) Originally published as Le grain de la voix by Editions du Seuil, Paris. 1981.

3. Barthes, Roland. Mythologies. Trans. Annette Lavers. (First published by Editions du Seuil, Paris. 1957) New York: Hill & Wang, 1972.
Barthes dissects the myth and its use in semiological language. Stating many examples of how myth is used to cultivate ideologies and social psyche in social speech by using semiotic principles such as sign, signified, signifier…barthes shows us how myth can hold form in language. A sign is a concrete placement of meaning & it is a combination of form & content but indirect of itself. This book is utilized to understand criticial language in word/imagery & the power of the word/image.

4. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. Faust: The Prologues and Part One(Bilingual Edition in German and English) Trans.Bayard Taylor. New York: Collier Books, 1966.
Excerpts used for spoken text audio composition.

5. Kristeva, Julia. "Narcissus: Outline of the Myth". Tales of Love. NewYork: Columbia University Press, 1987. pp.101-121
A psychoanalytic and semiotic approach to the tale of Narcissus.

6. Kristeva, Julia. Desire in Language. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
A semiotic approach to language and writing. Kristeva, the feminine counterpart of Barthes is known for her psychoanalytic approach to linguistics.

7. Manovich, Lev. The Language of New Media. (Massachusetts:The MIT Press, 2001)
Manovich’s theories explore the conventions of the visual/media cultures and how our reliance on past conventions have given offspring to a new language which attempts to in viewer interactivity, illusions of reality.

8. Nichols, Bill, ed. Maya Deren and the American Avant-Garde. Berkley: University of California Press, 2001.
Twelve essays exploring the writings, works and film theory of Maya Deren, who aside from being a ethnographer, an inspiration for AvantGarde filmmakers by exploring new editing techniques and camera angles, utilized her role as female artist to explore the territory of self as mirror and multiple personalities. Her work, Meshes of the Afternoon, places her in a similar category as Anais Nin.

9. Zapp, Andrea and Martin Reiser, ed. New Screen Media: Cinema/Art/Narrative. London: British Film Institute, 2002.
A collection of articles written by various artists and philosophers on the theory of converging of new media and cinema and how its divergent effects have restructured or replaced elements of the traditional voice, such as narrative, audience roles, perception, etc…

10. Reiser, Martin. “The Poetics of Interactivity: The Uncertainty Principle.” New Screen Media: Cinema/Art/Narrative. 2002: 146-163.CD-Rom, Online Databases:

11. Baudrillard, Jean "Xerox and Infinity" pages 5. 6. ISBN 0-33701-88-9 Touchepas. Originally published as Le Xerox et L´Infini, Paris 1987 . Paul Sermon. Online.

12. Brady, Nicole. Maya Deren--Critical Response Survey. Online.

13. “Surrealist Film” The Art and Culture Network. Online Database. 1999-2003.

14. Fordham, Frieda. An Introduction to Jung's Psychology. NewYork: Penguin Putnam
Books, 1966. CGJung Page. Online. 1995.<>
Fordham, with permission from Jung, writes to clarify any misunderstanding of Jungian Psychology interpretation.

15. Freud, Sigmund. The Interpretation of Dreams. (3rd Edition) Translated by A.A. Brill. New York: Carlton House,1913. Psych Web. Online. 1995. <>
“Dreams according to Freudian theory: dreams represent the hidden fulfillment of our unconscious wishes. Scientific of dream-problems, method of dream interpretations, dreams as wish-fulfillment, distrotion in dreams, material and sources of dreams, dream-work, psychology of the dream-process. “

16. Manovich, Lev. “Database as Symbolic Form”. Millenium Film Journal: The Digital. No 34. Online. Fall 1999.
Theory about the nature of the database logic and language in interactive cinema narratives. A new way to look at restructuring the world and ourselves.

17. Wienbren, Grahame. “Telepolis: The Digital Revolution is a Revolution of Random Access.” Millenium Film Journal. No.28, Interactivities. Spring 1995. MFJ. Online.

18. Wienbren, Grahame. “In the Ocean of Streams of Story.” Millenium Film Journal. No.28, Interactivities. Spring 1995. MFJ. Online.

19. Xavier , Marlon. “Dream Interpretation in Jung’s Theory: A Comparative Analysis” December of 1996. CG Jung Institut – Zurich. CG Jung Page. Online. 1995.

Videos :

20. Persona. Dir. Ingmar Bergman. With Bibi Andersson and Liv Ullman. 1966.
An "existential drama on the topic of the double and the mask" where two women are trapped and lose themselves in each other. Another movie in which Bergman blurs the distinction between reality and the dream.

21. Orpheus. Dir. Jean Cocteau. 1949.
The tale of the poet, Orpheus, who is trapped in the Underworld, falls in love with Death and must find his way out.

22. 3 Meshes of the Afternoon. Dir. Maya Deren. 1943.

23. Mulhulland Drive. Dir. David Lynch. With Naomi Watts and Laura Herring. Universal Pictures, 1999.
A dark story of two women who fall in love while searching for fame in Hollywood and recovering the mysterious identities of who they really are. A typical Lynch film with twists of fate, fragmented storytelling, questions of reality or dream, and again…a dwarf.

Cited Art Works and Interactive Performances:

1. Hershman, Lynn. Deep Contact.
2. Hershman, Lynn. Lorna.
3. Hershman, Lynn. A Room of One’s Own.
4. Sermon, Paul. Telematic Dreaming.
5. Weinbren, Grahame. Sonata.
6. Nin, Anais. House of Incest.
Swallow Press/Ohio University Press edition. 1979.
Excerpts used for a spoken text audio composition.
7. Barthes, Roland. A Lover's Discourse :Fragments. Translate by Richard Howard. New York: Hill & Wang, 1977.
The language of Lover’s Discourse is recollections and varied states of being of the lover when he is alone with himself to think and contemplate. Barthes analyses the language of this discourse through the critical form of writings by other authors.





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